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CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 – TITLE IX
“No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance”
– This was a landmark piece of legislation in the United States, that outlawed major forms of discrimination, against African Americans and women, including racial segregation.
– It also ended unequal application of voter registration requirements and racial segregation in schools, at the workplace and by facilities that served the general public.
– The legislation covers all educational activities, and complaints under Title IX alleging sex discrimination in fields such as science or math education or in other aspects of academic life such as access to health care and dormitory facilities.
– It was signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson, who in 1967 issued a series of executive orders in order to make some clarifications regarding the law. One such was Executive Order 11375, which required all entities receiving federal contracts to end discrimination on the basis of sex in hiring and employment.
– National Organization for Women (NOW) persuaded President Johnson to include women in his executive orders.